New node of Armenian Geophysics Network was established in United World Colleges (UWC), Dilijan.

Growing influence of various dynamic processes in the atmosphere and the Earth's magnetosphere to human civilization become more and more noteworthy due to an apparent steady increase of the frequency and severity of climate anomalies and extreme weather events. 

The comprehensive monitoring of geophysical parameters on the Earth surface is important for evaluating risk in various areas of the economy, in particular, to ensure the safety of existing and emerging complicated technological facilities (including nuclear), the destruction of which will have a catastrophic impact and lasting effect on the environment and living conditions.

Priorities for research of the Armenia in the field of climate and atmospheric processes physics include:

  • Building a network sensors and monitoring systems for the main geophysical parameters (electric and geomagnetic fields, meteorological parameters, detectors of ionization radiation).
  • Ensuring continuous operation of the network and sending data in real time on database servers.
  • Create systems for the data transfer storage, multidimensional visualization and statistical analysis.

The AGN will include 6 sites covering most important parts of Armenia: the highest mountain, the largest lake, the capital and the most distant Northwest and Southeast sites (see Fig. 1).  We plan to put sensors in University campuses and research centers when possible to include students in maintenance and research. We plan yearly summer schools for students. The minimal configuration of site sensors includes Davis Wireless Vantage Pro2 Plus Weather station and Electric Field Monitor Boltek EFM-100. Most advanced station include broad variety of particle detectors, Magnetotelluric Station (MTS) LEMI-417, panoramic cameras with frequency 30 Hz (see details of experimental facilities in WIKI section of AGN site http://www.crd.yerphi.am/adei/). All sites are connected with Cosmic Ray Division databases at Yerevan Physics institute with fast Internet links. The CRD data center via WEB programs allows multivariate visualization and data analysis. The information coming from remote sites is updated each minute.

The on-line information from weather station includes following parameters: outside temperature, dew-point, wind speed and direction, barometric pressure, rain rate, relative humidity, solar radiation, UV level, and many other. Data from electric field sensor includes: 20 HZ measurements of the electrostatic field, time and distance of nearby lightning (up to 40 km away), alarms on the high electric field conditions which precede lightning.

AGN facilities allow research of the Global electrical circuit (fine weather electrical field), cloud electrification and lightning initiation (disturbed electrical field). Meteorological and optical information highly supports understanding of the cloud location. The unique possibility of AGN is the monitoring of the neutral and charged fluxes of secondary cosmic rays that provide information both on the cloud electrification and on the lightning initiation and propagation.    

AGN

Figure 1. Google map of Armenian Geophysics network (AGN) (Նկար1. Google map-ի Հայկական Երկրաֆիզիկական Ցանցը)